Armament: 105 mm Modèle F1 tank gun
Capacity: 50 rounds
Secondary Armament: 20 mm auto cannon, 7.62 mm machine gun
Armor: 80 mm (3.1 in) maximum
Weight: 36 tonnes (40 short tons; 35 long tons)
Length: 9.48 m (31 ft 1 in) (gun forward)
Width: 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Height: 2.28 m (7 ft 6 in)
Engine: Hispano-Suiza HS-110
680 hp (510 kW)-720 hp (540 kW)
Operational Range: 600 km (370 miles)
Crew: 4 (commander, driver, gunner, radio operator/loader)
Top Speed:65 km/h
AMX-30 is a MBT designed by GIAT and entered service with the French Army in 1966. The production version of the AMX-30 weighed 36 metric tons (40 short tons), and sacrificed protection for increased mobility. The French determined that it would have required too much armor to defend against the latest anti-tank threats, thereby reducing the tank’s maneuverability.
Protection, instead, was provided by the speed and the compact dimensions of the vehicle, including a height of 2.28 meters. It comes equipped with a 105mm (4.1 in) cannon, firing an advanced high explosive anti-tank warhead known as the Obus G. The Obus G used an outer shell, separated from the main charge by ball bearings, to allow the round to be spin stabilized by the gun without affecting the warhead inside.
Mobility was provided by the 720 horsepower (540 kW) HS-110 diesel engine, although the troublesome transmission adversely affected the tank’s performance
In 1979, due to issues caused by the transmission, the French Army began to modernize its fleet of tanks to AMX-30B2 standards, which included a new transmission, an improved engine and the introduction of a new fin-stabilized kinetic energy penetrator. Production of the AMX-30 also extended to a number of variants, including the AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle, the Roland anti-aircraft gun system, a bridge-layer and the Pluton tactical nuclear missile launcher.
Strong vs: Light Tanks, Infantry Fighting Vehicles, Armoured Personnel Carriers, Artillery (Line of Sight), Non-Anti Tank Equipped Infantry
Weak vs: Heavy Tanks, Attack Helicopters, Attack Aircraft, Anti-Tank Equipped Infantry, Landmines, Improvised Explosive Devices, Artillery (non-Line of Sight), Cruise Missiles