Armament: 12 280mm Rocket Tubes (Refer to Munition Variants Below)
Weight: 43.7 tons
Length: 12m (39 ft 4 in)
Width: 3.05 m (10 ft)
Height: 3.05 m (10 ft)
Engine: V-12 D12A-525A 525 hp (391 kW) Diesel
Operational Range: 850 km (530 mi)
Top Speed: 60 km/h (37 mph)
Crew: 3 (Gunner, Driver, and Launcher Chief)
The BM-30 Smerch is a Soviet-era Russian multiple rocket launcher designed to destroy personnel, armored, and soft-skinned targets including concentrated areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. The first confirmed combat deployment of the BM-30 were in two war zones in 2014. It was utilized by Ukrainian government forces to deliver explosive and cluster munitions during engagements near Donetsk and Lugansk during the War in Donbass. Several have also been seen in use by pro-Russian rebels. Syrian military forces utilized the system against rebel forces in 2014 during the Syrian civil war. The Russian Ground Forces used the BM-30 in Syria in October 2015 during the Russian intervention in Syria.
The main components of the RSZO 9K58 "Smerch" system are as follows: Rockets 9M55 or 9M528 (in containers); BM 9A52-2 launch vehicle; TZM 9T234-2 transloader with an 850 kg crane and 12 spare rockets;Automated fire control equipment in the command post 1K123 "Vivary"; Maintenance vehicle PM-2-70 MTO-V; Set of arsenal equipment 9F819; The 300mm rockets with a firing range of 70 and 90 km and various warheads have been developed for the Smerch MLRS.
The 9A52-2 vehicle with the automated system ensures: Delivery of fire from an un-surveyed fire position;laying of the launch tube cluster with the crew staying in the cabin and without using aiming points; autonomous determination of an azimuth of the launch tube cluster’s longitudinal axis;visual representation of graphical information for the launch tube cluster laying, the route of vehicle movement and location as well as a point of destination and direction of movement on the video terminal; increase in MLRS survivability owing to reduced time of staying at a fire position;increased comfort for the laying operator, especially in adverse weather conditions and at night;increased independent operation owing to the navigation and survey equipment, which allows the vehicle to rapidly change fire positions and move autonomously; reduction of the combat crew.
Munition Variants delivered by BM-30
9M55K Cluster Munition, anti-personnel 800 kg 7.6 m243 kg72 × 1.75 kg, each with 96 fragments (4.5 g each) 110 sec Range: 20 km-50 km
9M55K1 Cluster Munition, self-guided anti-tank 243 kg 5 × 15 kg Range: 20 km-50 km
9M55K4Cluster munition, AT minelets.243 kg25 × 5 kg mines 24 hour detonation timer Range: 20 km-50 km
9M55K5 HEAT/HE-Fragmentation.243 kg 646 × 0.25 kg (up to 120 mm RHA armor-piercing) 260 sec Range: 20 km-50 km
9M55F separable HE-Fragmentation 258 kg Range: 20 km-50 km
9M55C Thermobaric 243 kg Range: 20 km-50 km
9M528HE-Fragmentation 815 kg 243 kg 25 km-90 km
Strong vs: Light Tanks / Medium Tanks / Main Battle Tanks / Infantry Fighting Vehicles / Armored Personnel Carriers / Infantry (Non-Line of Sight), Fortifications, Concentrated Enemy Positions
Weak vs: Light Tanks / Medium Tanks / Main Battle Tanks / Infantry Fighting Vehicles / Armored Personnel Carriers / Infantry (Line of Sight), Attack Helicopters, Attack Aircraft, Anti-Tank Equipped Infantry, Landmines, Improvised Explosive Devices, Cruise Missiles
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